There are two different types of fractional lasers, Fraxel, the non-ablative laser, and CO2 laser. Fraxel is more used on younger patients with mild to moderate acne scars and wrinkles while CO2 is used with older patients and those with deeper scars and deeper wrinkles. In our spa and laser center, we prefer using Fraxel since it is gentler erbium laser system.
Fraxel treats a wide range of skin conditions beginning from sun damage, melasma, acne scarring, surgical scars and scars if different nature, wrinkles and fine lines, improves skin texture and tone, replaces sun damaged skin with new skin, reducing chances of skin cancer. Fraxel is not successful with removing redness, but does treat darker spots and pigmentation issues.
In average, an individual needs 3 to 5 treatments to reach desired results. It all depends on ones’ personal case and condition. Treatments are done every 3 to 8 weeks, and the timing depends on your condition and skin response to Fraxel.
Fraxel works on the principle of creating micro-thermal zones beneath the skin later, which stimulates the skin to push damaged skin, replacing it with new skin. It does that by triggering collagen and natural healing process, accelerating production of new skin cells. Each treatment replaces around 20 % of a damaged skin. The treatment lasts about 1 to 2 hours, depending on the area treated and severity. The numbing gel is applied to the area and the treatment will feel like the sensation of pins and needles.
The effect is permanent if patients stick to the regimen of protecting their skin from further sun damage and scarring. Occasionally touch-ups may be needed. It is important to always wear sunscreen with high SPF and protective clothing.
It all depends on the condition treated and how your skin responses to the treatment. Many people notice results within a first week. The situation continues to improve, since it stimulates further production of collagen.
You cannot be treated with Fraxel if you have a condition that requires medications that increase photosensitivity, as well as if you use anticoagulants, or if you have a history of bleeding disorders, or if you are pregnancy. The most common side effects are redness, swelling, and increased pigmentation on the dark spots, occasionally crusting and bruising may occur.